Happy independence day 2022: Major health schemes and health schemes received by the people of India after independence
Independence day 2022: Today India is proudly celebrating its 76th Independence Day. In these 75 years, India has not only got freedom from British rule but also from diseases and health problems. Let us know the major health schemes and policies run by the Governments of India in the last 75 years.
Today India is celebrating 76th Independence Day by completing 75 years of independence. After independence from British rule, India has fought for another new freedom and that is the war of health. In these 75 years, India has progressed rapidly, in which the health sector has also advanced a lot. Whether it is an increase in the life expectancy rate to 75 years or a decrease in infant and maternal mortality, do not know how many milestones India has crossed. India not only got freedom from the British Raj but also freed itself from diseases like smallpox, leprosy, polio and guinea worm. The ability to make and provide vaccines is remarkable and needless to say. Today, on the occasion of India’s Independence Day, we are going to tell you about such major health policies and schemes, which India has started in the last 75 years.
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National Leprosy Eradication Program
The National Leprosy Reduction Program (NELP) was run by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare to eradicate leprosy from India. The main goal of this program was to provide more and more information about leprosy to the people, so as to reduce the risk of disability and spread due to it. It was first launched in 1955. The National Leprosy Eradication Program was launched in 1983 as a continuation of the National Leprosy Control Programme.
Pulse Polio Immunization Program
Pulse Polio Immunization Program (PPIP) Following the eradication of polio by the World Health Organization in 1988, India started the 1955 Pulse Polio Immunization Program, which was to provide 100% coverage of symptoms. According to the Health Ministry data, the last case of polio in the country was detected on 13 January 2011 in Howrah district of West Bengal.
National Rural Health Mission
National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was launched in 2005. The main goal of this mission is to provide accessible, affordable and good quality health services to the people living in rural areas especially vulnerable families. As per the guidelines issued, the basic objective of implementing this scheme is to reduce infant mortality rate and maternal mortality rate.
Accredited Social Health Activist
Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHA) also known as ASHA workers. It is also a part of the National Rural Health Program. ASHA workers are employed by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. It is also worth mentioning that the ASA workers played a vital role during the COVID 19 pandemic. The Global Health Agency had appreciated the effort to connect ASHA workers with the government’s health programmes.
National Health Protection Mission
Ayushman Bharat and Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) schemes come under the National Health Protection Mission. Under these schemes, 10 crore poor and vulnerable families (i.e. about 50 crore people) were provided coverage up to 5 lakh annually for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization. The PM-JAY scheme aims to provide an annual cashless health insurance of Rs 5 lakh per family, with coverage on about 1300 diseases.