It is here that Rabindra himself sang the song ‘Jana Gana Mana’..!
Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore wrote the song ‘Janaganamana Adhinayaka Jayahe..’ in Bengali. But it is remarkable to choose ‘Sadhubhasha’, a Bengali dialect influenced by Sanskrit.
Janganamana has many peculiarities. It is noteworthy that the words used in this are well known to people of all languages across the country. That’s why it got everyone’s approval and favor. This song was sung for the first time on 27 December 1911 in Calcutta during the annual session of the Indian National Congress. It was published in Tatvabodhini magazine in 1912 under the title ‘Bharata Vidhata’.
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Outside Calcutta, ‘Janaganamana’ was sung by Rabindranath Tagore himself on February 28, 1919 at Besant Theosophical College in Madanapalle, Chittoor district. The Constituent Assembly met as a sovereign body for the first time on the midnight of 14 August 1947, when the country gained independence.
The meeting ended with the singing of ‘Janaganamana’. ‘Janaganamana’ was officially adopted as the national anthem of India by the Constituent Assembly on 24 January 1950. While it takes 52 seconds to sing the national anthem in full, it takes 20 seconds to sing a shortened version. National Anthem is a source of pride for the people of the country. The Code of Conduct for National Anthem is enshrined in the Respect for Ethnicity Act, 1971.
National Anthem is the most important symbol of a country that strongly declares its independence and sovereignty. Although people of different languages live in India, Janagamana is easily understood by all. The national anthem presents the traditions and values that are the backbone of the country.
Reflects the diversity of India. Not only Janganamana but also the national anthem of neighboring Bangladesh ‘Amar Sonar Bangla’ was written by Tagore. Moreover, Rabindra’s stamp can be seen in the writing of Sri Lanka’s national anthem.